White spirit and its use:
White spirit is a type of petroleum distillate that is used as a thinner and mild solvent.
It is used in the industry as a cleaning agent and to remove the grease of parts, machines and tools and to remove excess oil.
This material is an inexpensive alternative to vegetable turpentine for oil base. Artists use white spirit as an alternative to turpentine because it is less flammable and toxic.
Types of white sprites:
Type 0: This type of white spirits contains saturated hydrocarbons that have a strong odor and have a boiling point between 140-220 degrees Celsius.
Type 1: This type of white spirit is obtained from zero-type catalytic desulfurization process, and its boiling point is between 90-230 degrees Celsius.
Type 2: This solvent is aromatic and a complex combination of hydrocarbons obtained by solvent extraction, and has a boiling point in the range of approximately 230-90 centigrade.
Type 3: The fourth type of white spirit is a complex combination of hydrocarbons that is obtained using the hydrogenation method in the presence of a catalyst, and the boiling point is approximately between 65-230 degrees Celsius.
In the second classification, in terms of flammability, there are three different grades for each type of white spirit, each grade is determined according to the distillation conditions.
The most common uses of White Spirit:
Solvent in paint and varnish thinners
Printing ink solvent
Solvent waxes for polishing shoes, wooden and leather items
Rubber and resin solvent
Solvent in chemical, food and cosmetic industries
Solvent for adhesives and tapes
White spirit has a high ignition power, for this reason it should be prevented from spreading in the environment. Note that you should never use this substance near electrical appliances and closed environments.